Article 11219

Title of the article

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ISCHEMIC AND HEMORRHAGIC STROKE
MORBIDITY INDICATORS IN RUSSIA 

Authors

Machinskiy Petr Aleksandrovich, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of normal and pathological anatomy with a forensic medicine course, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: KSudMedinfo@yandex.ru
Plotnikova Nadezhda Alekseevna, Doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of normal and pathological anatomy with a forensic medicine course, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: plona@mail.ru
Ul'yankin Vladislav Evgen'evich, Postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: Yliankin@yandex.ru
Rybakov Aleksey Gennad'evich, Candidate of medical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of normal and pathological anatomy with a forensic medicine course, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: inform13med@yandex.ru
Makeev Dmitriy Alekseyevich, Postgraduate student, Ogarev Mordovia State University (68 Bolshevistskaya street, Saransk, Russia), E-mail: dima.makeev.1991@mail.ru 

Index UDK

616-005 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3032-2019-2-11 

Abstract

Background. Statistical data on the epidemiology of cerebral insults in our country over the last 15–20 years show a steady increase in their incidence. The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis of the disease rate of acute cerebral circulation disorders of ischemic and hemorrhagic nature from 2000 to 2016 in Russia.
Materials and methods. A comparative analysis of the incidence of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in Russia according to various statistical compilations and stroke registers, which are published in the open press.
Results. The data obtained are systematized in the form of tables, the analysis of which revealed the relationships, patterns and trends reflected in the conclusions.
Conclusions. The increase the disease rate of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke in Russia can be explained by the imperfect technology of recording the incidence of population circulation in medical institutions, as well as by improving the quality of diagnosis of these nosologies using neuroimaging methods. In the overwhelming majority of regions of Russia, ischemic strokes prevailed over hemorrhagic in the disease rate (5: 1 or 4: 1). Men are more susceptible to acute cerebral circulation disorders than women, but only in the age group from 45 to 59 years old, whereas the age group of 70 years and older, women incidence is significantly higher than in men. This is due to the relatively low life expectancy for men in our country, as well as certain physiological characteristics of the female body, depending on age. 

Key words

ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, statistics, disease rate 

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References

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Дата создания: 06.09.2019 13:24
Дата обновления: 16.09.2019 08:19